Australia clean energy future plans
Australia scientific research shows that climate change has significant influence to Australia. From 2001 to 2010, during a record is Australia since the warm ten years. Since 1940, every ten years before ten years than warm. Australia facing environmental and economic costs to rise. The more extreme climate change, such as drought, heat waves and plexus fire the probability of occurrence in a more and more big. Climate change affect the economy, production department, community and family, especially fragile agricultural department is first when its pollution.
November 8, 2011, Australia's parliament through the carbon price method. The method can change the carbon price mechanism and increasing employment competition and promote economic growth. Family planning will be cut taxes and increase the incomes of policy support. Job growth and economic development benefits from climate change. In addition to help the international NGO and mass education outside, with carbon price as the direction of policy mainly include the following 4 a content: the carbon price; Improve the renewable energy innovation and investment; Improving energy efficiency; Improve the land management and water resources utilization.
The Kyoto protocol in annex 1 countries on the list, Australia as "A" words led row in front.
In the first commitment period, other annex 1 countries have CO2 emissions plan, 2012 more than in 1990 emission levels to reduce a certain percentage. But Australia but allow increased by 8%. Australia in recent years of the CO2 emissions 1.5% of the total, is located in the world top 20 most total discharge among countries. In 2010 the per capita CO2 emissions from Australia in the world's first, higher than China's per capita CO2 a few times. Australia in 2008 congress to ratify the Kyoto protocol, is the last to join the Kyoto protocol in annex 1 countries. In the second phase of the Kyoto protocol commitment, Australia to sway first, then put forward the Kyoto protocol with conditions admitted that the second undertaking period. The Australian government in Copenhagen meeting minutes on the promise, 2020 years of carbon emissions in 2000 based on the reduced by 5%, and low emission reduction goals. On the other hand, the Australian land area vast, arid and semiarid area occupy most of the land. Immigrant population is growing rapidly, the country's total population to rise gradually. Australia rich mineral resources, is the main countries mineral products output. ChongHuaGong primarily economic structure, economic structure high carbonation, export dependence on high proportion. These various characteristics, research Australia's energy and climate change policy and planning is very attractive.