Brief history of lightning

The lightning phenomenon and its impact on human activities have long attracted people's attention. As early as in the 14th century BC, the oracle bones of China had records of lightning. Later, in the "Huainanzi" waiting for Liu Han in the Western Han Dynasty, he put forward the idea that "the yin and yang are thin and thunder, and the power is motivated". In the Eastern Han Dynasty, Wang Chong wrote in the article "On Heng. Lei Xu" that "the Lei, the sun's anger is also. He Yiming's positive moon is moving, so the first month is beginning to thunder, May Yangsheng, so May Lei Xun, autumn and winter yang decline Therefore, the autumn and winter thunderstorms, it describes the seasonal characteristics of the lightning phenomenon.
In the 18th century, many scientists conducted probing experiments to reveal the nature of lightning. For example, the American scholar B. Franklin proposed in 1750 that the lightning rod mounted on the tower was used to measure electricity from the cloud. In June 1752, he risked a lightning strike. He conducted a famous kite-detected lightning test in Philadelphia. He observed the electric spark generated by the thundercloud through the kite lead, confirming the consistency of the electrical nature of natural lightning and friction. During the same period, Soviet scholars Μ. Lomonosov and Γ. Β. Rahman used self-made lightning detectors to detect the electric spark caused by thunderstorm crossings. Unfortunately, Riemann was killed by lightning. Since then, modern research on lightning based on electricity has begun.

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Nov. 11, 2019